How to install free SSL with Let’s Encrypt?
You can automatically enable HTTPS on your website with EFF’s Certbot, deploying Let’s Encrypt certificates
1. Install snapd
Installing snap on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) / Centos
Adding EPEL Repo RHEL
The EPEL repository can be added to a RHEL 8 system with the following command:
$ sudo dnf install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm
$ sudo dnf upgrade
The EPEL repository can be added to a RHEL 7 system with the following command:
$ sudo rpm -ivh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
Adding the optional and extras repositories is also recommended:
$ sudo subscription-manager repos --enable "rhel-*-optional-rpms" --enable "rhel-*-extras-rpms"
$ sudo yum update
Adding EPEL to CentOS
The EPEL repository can be added to a CentOS 8 system with the following command:
$ sudo dnf install epel-release
$ sudo dnf upgrade
The EPEL repository can be added to a CentOS 7 system with the following command:
$ sudo yum install epel-release
$ sudo yum install snapd
Installing snap on Debian Apache on CentOS/RHEL 7
On Debian 10 (Buster) and Debian 9 (Stretch), snap can be installed directly from the command line:
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install snapd
Installing snap on Ubuntu
If you’re running Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) or later, you don’t need to do anything. Snap is already installed and ready to go.
2. Ensure that your version of snapd is up to date
Execute the following instructions on the command line on the machine to ensure that you have the latest version of snapd.
sudo snap install core; sudo snap refresh core
3. Remove certbot-auto and any Certbot OS packages
If you have any Certbot packages installed using an OS package manager like apt, dnf, or yum, you should remove them before installing the Certbot snap to ensure that when you run the command certbot the snap is used rather than the installation from your OS package manager. The exact command to do this depends on your OS, but common examples are sudo apt-get remove certbot, sudo dnf remove certbot, or sudo yum remove certbot.
4. Install Certbot
Run this command on the command line on the machine to install Certbot.
sudo snap install --classic certbot
5. Execute the following instruction on the command line on the machine to ensure that the certbot command can be run.
sudo ln -s /snap/bin/certbot /usr/bin/certbot
6. Run this command to get a certificate and have Certbot edit your Apache configuration automatically to serve it, turning on HTTPS access in a single step.
Make sure to add virtualhost configuration for the domain
sudo certbot --apache
7. Test automatic renewal
The Certbot packages on your system come with a cron job or systemd timer that will renew your certificates automatically before they expire. You will not need to run Certbot again, unless you change your configuration. You can test automatic renewal for your certificates by running this command:
sudo certbot renew --dry-run
The command to renew certbot is installed in one of the following locations :